Accelerating Health Reforms through Collective Action. Experiences from East Africa

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References 1. Strengthening border surveillance between Ebola affected countries. Ebola Bulletin. Coltart Cordelia E. The Ebola outbreak, — old lessons for new epidemics. The spread of artemisinin-resistant plasmodium falciparum in the greater Mekong subregion: a molecular epidemiology observational study. Lancet Infect Dis.

Spread of artemisinin resistance in plasmodium falciparum malaria. N Engl J Med. Cross-border cholera outbreaks in sub-Saharan Africa, the mystery behind the silent illness: what needs to be done? PLoS One. Anticipating the international spread of Zika virus from Brazil. Implications of global and regional patterns of highly pathogenic avian influenza virus H5N1 clades for risk management.

Vet J. Cross-border collaboration for neglected tropical disease efforts-lessons learned from onchocerciasis control and elimination in the Mano River union West Africa Glob Health. Pisani E, AbouZahr C. Sharing health data: good intentions are not enough. Bull World Health Organ. Cross-border collaboration on emerging infectious diseases.

Report of the bi-regional meeting Bangkok, February Chatham House.

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A Guide to sharing the data and benefits of public health surveillance. Centre on global health security. London: Chatham House; Liverani M, Coker R. J Health Polit Policy Law. G, Gandham Ramana N. V, Schneidman Miriam, Kimura Mwihaki. Emerging Health Threats Journal. Eliminate now: seven critical actions required to accelerate elimination of plasmodium falciparum malaria in the greater Mekong subregion.

Malar J. Communicable diseases and governance: a tale of two regions. Glob Public Health. Regional collaboration in the Middle East to deal with H5N1 avian flu. Epidemiological surveillance of land borders in North and South America: a case study. Evaluation of UNDP contribution to south-south cooperation. Curley M, Thomas N. Aust J Int Aff. Thomas N. The regionalization of avian influenza in East Asia: responding to the next pandemic? Asian Surv. The coming pandemic: transnational health challenges in East and Southeast Asia.

In: Tan, ATH, editor. East and South-East Asia: international relations and security perspectives. New York: Routledge; Hameiri S. Pac Rev. Ross E. Perspectives on data sharing in disease surveillance. A systematic review of barriers to data sharing in public health. BMC Public Health. Research stakeholders' views on benefits and challenges for public health research data sharing in Kenya: the importance of trust and social relations.

Developing ethical practices for public health research data sharing in South Africa: the views and experiences from a diverse sample of research stakeholders. Sweat, skepticism, and uncharted territory: a qualitative study of opinions on data sharing among public health researchers and research participants in Mumbai, India. Yin R.


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Case study research: design and methods. Thousand Oaks: Sage; Emerging infectious diseases in Southeast Asia: regional challenges to control. The challenge of artemisinin resistance can only be met by eliminating plasmodium falciparum malaria across the greater Mekong subregion. Sharma M, Chatterjee A. Harm Reduct J. Prevention and control of avian influenza in Asia and the Pacific. Project report. Manila: Asian Development Bank; Emergency response to artemisinin resistance in the greater Mekong subregion: regional framework for action — Geneva: World Health Organization; Regional mechanisms of communicable disease control in Asia and Europe.

Singapore: Asia-Europe Foundation; Mekong malaria. Update of malaria, multi-drug resistance and economic development in the Mekong region of Southeast Asia. Western Pac Surveill Response J. Strauss A, Corbin J. Basics of qualitative research. London: Sage; The Kingdom of Cambodia. Health system review.

Ramesh M. Health care reform in Vietnam: chasing shadows. J Contemp Asia. Rhee H. Promoting South-South cooperation through knowledge exchange. Catalyzing Development. Washington: Brookings Institution Press; Leonelli S. Data-centric biology. A philosophical study. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press; The role of culture in health communication.

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Accelerating Health Reforms Through Collective Action: Experiences from East Africa

Measuring underreporting and under-ascertainment in infectious disease datasets: a comparison of methods. Sharing health data: developing country perspectives. Calain P. From the field side of the binoculars: a different view on global public health surveillance. Health Policy Plan. Sustainability of sub-regional disease surveillance networks. Global Health Gov. Framework of operational guidelines on United Nations support to South-South and triangular cooperation.

High-level Committee on South-South Cooperation. Seventeenth session. New York, 22—25 May New York: United Nations; Unlocking the potential of south-south cooperation. Paris: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development; McEwan C, Mawdsley E. Trilateral development cooperation: power and politics in emerging aid relationships. Dev Chang. Chandy Laurence, Kharas Homi. Journal of International Development. WHO methods and data sources for global burden of disease estimates — Obstfeld D. Social networks, the tertius iungens orientation, and involvement in innovation.

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How a strong primary healthcare could accelerate universal health coverage in Africa

Products of this store will be shipped directly from Hong Kong to your country. Shop By Category. My Orders. Track Orders. However, men own most of the fertile valley land on which vegetables are grown, and dominate the trade to Dar es Salaam and other urban centres within Tanzania and neighbouring countries.

Men enjoy correspondingly greater control over incomes from vegetable marketing. Research carried out in Lushoto district, Tanzania, shows that involvement in collective action CA leads to significant economic benefits to women from vegetable production and marketing. At first glance, the honey sector in Ethiopia seems an unlikely place in which to find women forming collective action CA groups, taking leadership positions, and benefiting from increased income generation.

Beekeeping and honey production are largely male occupations. Over the last decade, however, women have begun to participate in CA in the honey sector in the Amhara region of Ethiopia, and to benefit from their involvement in these groups. This change has been enabled by a number of factors, driven by the growing global demand for honey and bee products. The sector has become an attractive investment opportunity, opening up a space for women and other marginalized smallholder producers to engage with market and state actors. The WCA findings from Ethiopia are particularly exciting, as they suggest that focused interventions by government and development actors really can make a difference when it comes to reaching more marginalized groups of women.

In South Sudan, widespread euphoria following independence in July has given way to disappointment that expected peace dividends have not materialised. Many South Sudanese are experiencing insecurity, a lack of access to basic services, and increasing inequalities.

Pastoralist and agro-pastoralist communities in remote border areas are particularly affected by insecurity and by a lack of social services, and women are particularly marginalised. This report is the result of Oxfam research to enable the needs and views of conflict-affected communities, in relation to security and livelihoods, to be voiced, heard, and addressed.

It focuses on the security concerns expressed by the communities themselves: conflict within and between communities, cattle raiding, and violence against women. Stories, case studies and good practices on drought risk reduction in the drylands of the Horn of Africa. Oxfam in Kenya — an overview March The role of local institutions in adaptive processes to climate variability: The cases of southern Ethiopia and southern Mali February Farmers and herders in arid regions of Africa face serious challenges in adapting to climate change and variability.

They are highly exposed to climate stresses, especially drought, but adaptation to climate change is far from being a clear-cut biophysical or technical problem: it is also a social challenge. Although communities in semi-arid zones have organized their cultures and livelihoods around uncertainty and the risk of drought, climate predictions indicate that new extremes will be a real challenge to their capacity to adapt.

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This report looks at the role of local social institutions in Ethiopia and Mali and their role in adaptation. Voices from eastern Congo January Over , people fled the latest violence around Goma in eastern DRC, with many more displaced by fighting over the past year. Many lost their loved ones and left behind their homes and livelihoods, taking with them just a few possessions or nothing at all. This booklet contains stories of people affected by the crisis. Download French version.

Africa is wide awake but still hungry December One of the most remarkable turn-arounds in development occurred in the last decade in many of the countries south of the Sahara. Economies have been growing even in the face of economic and financial instability elsewhere in the world; poverty has fallen and child mortality has dropped considerably, among the most visible indicators of progress. But the number of people suffering from undernourishment a proxy for hunger has kept rising.

There are several reasons to be optimistic about Africa despite the fact that hunger remains pervasive. Sub-Saharan Africa is wide-awake, dynamic and on the move, but still hungry. Protecting communities in the DRC: Understanding gender dynamics and empowering women and men October Armed conflict has devastated large swathes of DR Congo since Civilians in many parts of the eastern provinces — men, women, boys and girls — still face constant threats of forced displacement, sexual violence, abduction, and extortion, not only from militia groups, but in many cases from those who are mandated to protect them.

Deep-seated attitudes and beliefs continue to perpetuate discrimination and violence against women. In Kenya, a combination of factors led to the food crisis of —9, which put around 9. About 4. Oxfam and Concern Worldwide developed a joint programme to address this unfolding emergency. The programme, implemented with local partners in two slums, aimed to improve access to food in the short term via cash transfers and to provide further income opportunities and improve livelihoods in the longer term.

Somalia food and livelihoods assessment October An Oxfam survey of households living in poverty across South Central Somalia and Puntland has found that recent poor rains, falling incomes and high food prices are increasing the risk of preventable disease and forcing people to rely on aid. The situation in the south of the country remains critical with alarming malnutrition figures. Since the assessment took place flooding in Hiran and predictions of flooding elsewhere in South Central Somalia is likely to make the situation worse.

In the past decade an area of land eight times the size of the UK has been sold off globally as land sales rapidly accelerate. This land could feed a billion people, equivalent to the number of people who go to bed hungry each night. In poor countries, foreign investors have been buying an area of land the size of London every six days.

With food prices spiking for the third time in four years, interest in land could accelerate again as rich countries try to secure their food supplies and investors see land as a good long-term bet. All too often, forced evictions of poor farmers are a consequence of these rapidly increasing land deals in developing countries. In the past the Bank has chosen to freeze lending when poor standards have caused dispossession and suffering. It needs to do so again, in order to play a key role in stopping the global land rush. In the past few months, a surge in violence in eastern DRC has forced nearly half a million people from their homes, with severe humanitarian consequences across the region.

Hundreds of thousands of people — inside DRC and across the border in neighbouring Uganda and Rwanda — are in urgent need of clean water, healthcare, food, shelter and protection from violence. Oxfam is scaling up its response in all three countries and aims to reach around , people affected by this new crisis. Oxfam in Rwanda newsletter August Welcome to the first edition of Murika!

Find out more about how women entrepreneurs are profiting from pineapples and mushrooms; how gender-based-violence impacts on food security; how Oxfam is partnering with an innovative Rwandan company and financial service providers; and much more. The African Union Compendium July To many citizens the AU is a complex and distant body that is difficult to engage with.

Oxfam has produced a comprehensive document on the AU, explaining its key structures and organs, and opportunities for citizens and civil society to engage with it. You have been warned: One year on from UN declaration of famine, Somalia faces worsening food crisis July In the world waited for the UN to declare famine before providing assistance on the level needed to save lives in Somalia — this delayed response wasted lives and money.

We are now seeing warnings of Somalia slipping back into crisis and cannot afford to make the same mistake again — we should respond now, and in force, in ways that make people better able to withstand the next disaster to strike. The human costs of the funding shortfalls for the Dadaab refugee camps July The needs in Dadaab, which hosts over , people, remain urgent, but humanitarian agencies do not have sufficient funds to provide essential services for the care and protection of encamped populations in This joint agency brief explains how, if more funds are not received immediately, the situation in the camps will deteriorate as vital health, nutrition, education, shelter, WASH and protection activities will either have to scale back or stop.

Despite pressing needs elsewhere, the international donor community has an obligation to continue to provide financial support for the biggest refugee camp in the world and share with Kenya the burden of protracted refugee assistance. Efforts must also continue to find durable solutions for Dadaab.

As South Sudan marks its first anniversary of independence, half of its 9. Fertile and resource rich, the country has huge potential to feed its own population, yet is in the midst of an escalating food crisis. The poor rainfall in , internal conflict, and complex population movement is now dramatically compounded by an increase in conflict with Sudan leading to severe economic crisis. In some parts of South Sudan, families, who were already struggling to make ends meet, are forced to eat just one meal or day or rely on leaves and roots to survive. All too often, women and children are bearing the brunt.

This report looks at the work that Oxfam has undertaken since; how decisions were made; how the money was spent and what has been achieved. It also looks at what needs to happen to stop such crises happening again and again. Download the French version or the Spanish version.

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Why efforts to stabilise the Democratic Republic of Congo are not working. The plans have not been backed strongly by either the DRC government or the international community, and have come about through a non-inclusive process that has failed to involve the communities affected by the ongoing violence and humanitarian crisis in the country. Our quarterly newsletter for staff in the region, including highlights from our country programmes. Also available in French.

Stop a bullet, stop a war May Why ammunition must be included in the Arms Trade Treaty. Wars cannot be fought without ammunition. When the principal targets of attack are civilians, as has been the case in many recent conflicts, a lack of ammunition can even make a difference between atrocities being carried out or not. The Arms Trade Treaty is a potentially ground-breaking humanitarian treaty that would regulate the international trade in conventional weapons.

This briefing note explains more about why the Treaty is important and how it would work. These are the scientifically proven attributes of climate change — but communities have their own understanding of how climate change has occurred in their localities, and how it affects their production systems and lifestyles. The hearings brought together climate experts, policy makers, experts in livestock and crop production, and community members, in one discussion forum.

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A shift in focus — Putting the interests of Somali people first February More than six months after the UN declared a famine, Somalia is still in the throes of its worst humanitarian crisis in decades. Responsibility for this situation lies first and foremost in Somalia, where warring factions are accused of impeding and diverting aid flows, but the international community has also been at fault. Policies focused more on international security concerns than on the needs, interests and wishes of the Somali people have inadvertently fuelled both the conflict and the humanitarian crisis.

In February , key governments and institutions from the region and the wider Islamic and Western world will meet in London to chart a way forward.