American Auto Trail-Kansas U.S. Highway 50 (American Auto Trails)

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Today, U. Highway 81 approximates the route of the Chisholm Trail. Emergence of the state of Oklahoma spawned changes in overland travel. Territorial legislators enacted statutes that restricted public-road rights-of-way to section lines and delegated responsibility for construction and maintenance to county commissioners. But farmers and others frequently battled mud, washouts, and bank-full streams in their travels. In A. Titus organized the first good roads association in Oklahoma.

A national movement sponsored by railroads and the federal Office of Public Roads, good-roads advocates campaigned to get farmers out of the mud. A territorial organization emerged, and in at the Oklahoma State Constitutional Convention members secured provisions for a state highway department. In the Oklahoma State Highway Department began to function, but the agency received no authority or funds to build and maintain highways.

In Congress passed the first Federal Aid Highway Act, providing matching grants to states for road improvements. State legislators appropriated funds to obtain the federal money, all of which went to county commissioners. In the s road building and maintenance became a significant responsibility of state government. Automobiles quickly emerged as a necessity for Oklahomans. The number of vehicles registered in the state jumped from , in to , in Moreover, federal authorities demanded accountability from state officials for funds they received, requiring a fully functioning highway department.

In Gov. Martin E. Trapp led good-roads advocates in securing legislation establishing a state highway system, assigning construction and maintenance responsibilities to the department, creating a state highway commission, and enacting a gasoline tax. In addition, officials from state highway departments across the country cooperated with federal authorities to create the U. Highway System. Directly as a result of the efforts of Cyrus Avery of Tulsa, conferees designated nine U.

These measures provided the foundation for a modern state highway system. In the years following World War II the state embarked on a program to build superhighways. In business leaders from Tulsa and Oklahoma City convinced Gov. Roy J. Turner to sponsor legislation to construct a turnpike between the two cities. Turner succeeded. The eighty-eight-mile-long Turner Turnpike opened in the spring of Traffic and revenue exceeded the most optimistic estimates, fostering a commitment to toll road construction.

By the end of the twentieth century Oklahoma had ten turnpikes, operated by the Oklahoma Turnpike authority and comprising more than six hundred miles of tollways, the most extensive system in the nation. Federal initiatives brought additional superhighways to Oklahoma.

In the late s contractors began building Interstate Highway 35, a north-south artery, and Interstate Highway 40, an east-west route, completing both roads by the end of Throughout its existence the state highway department, renamed the Department of Transportation in , endured challenges and enjoyed successes. The agency frequently faced inadequate funds for the responsibilities delegated to it, experienced political manipulation, coped with a deep-seated patronage system, and endured occasional scandal.

But the mileage of paved roads increased from three hundred in to twelve thousand in Innovations in construction techniques, planning, and equipment enabled the creation of a modern system of public roads for Oklahoma. Waterborne transportation emerged when Indians employed their ingenuity to make watercraft. Dugout canoes, or pirogues , fashioned from cottonwood trees, rafts, and bull boats, waterproof bison hides stretched over a round frame of saplings, made possible travel on Oklahoma's waters. When the first Europeans arrived, they quickly adopted the dugout canoe.

French traders in cottonwood pirogues plied the waters of the Arkansas and Red rivers. The French probably introduced the keelboat, and by the early years of the nineteenth century crews cordelled, poled, and warped these sturdy craft along the major watercourses of Indian Territory. Advances in technology helped breech the isolation of frontier Indian Territory.

In the Florence became the first steamboat to navigate the Arkansas River to Fort Gibson, inaugurating commercial river navigation in Oklahoma. Service on the Arkansas expanded as emigrant tribesmen established farms and plantations. During the shipping season steamships carried people and agricultural commodities from twenty-two landings along the Arkansas in Indian Territory into the bustling commerce of the Mississippi River valley and on to New Orleans. Returning steamers conveyed passengers and manufactured goods to frontier villages and farmsteads. However, as railroads expanded into eastern Indian Territory, commercial traffic on the Arkansas River diminished.

During the first decades of the twentieth century business leaders in Tulsa reinvigorated the concept of Arkansas River navigation. They fostered a vision to make their burgeoning city the head of navigation on the river and promoted their cause as crucial to the region's economic development. Beginning in Clarence B. Douglas, executive director of the Tulsa Chamber of Commerce, worked to secure legislation authorizing studies of the concept by the Army Corps of Engineers. In Newton R. Graham, a Tulsa banker, succeeded Douglas as the chief proponent of Arkansas River navigation.

He tirelessly lobbied congressman, worked with regional organizations, and cajoled state leaders to support the project. In Graham gained a powerful ally when Robert S. Kerr became a member of the U. Kerr built political alliances to secure passage of legislation to construct flood control projects and a river navigation system.

Although neither man lived to see completion of the McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System in , their initiative and determination provided a lasting legacy for interstate commerce and economic development. Commercial navigation developed on the Red River in the s. Because of the Great Raft, a huge logjam that clogged the river in northwest Louisiana, vessels could not expeditiously ascend the Red River to Indian Territory.

Nevertheless, intrepid steamboat captains found cutoffs and looped through bayous to bypass the obstruction. In the first steamboat reached the Red River settlements in Indian Territory, fostering economic development. Cotton from plantations owned by Chickasaw and Choctaw mixed-bloods moved downstream to Shreveport and other commercial centers. By steamboats stopped at more than twelve landings in Indian Territory along the Red River.

In engineers succeeded in permanently opening a channel through the Great Raft. One of the first was his design of the famed Miller Eight for Harry Miller plus the design and construction of six complete race cars with the cubic-inch power plant for Cliff Durant team in Andy Granatelli was elected in the Modern Era Non-driver category. He is perhaps best known as the owner of STP-sponsored cars at the Indy , including the winning cars in with Mario Andretti and with Gordon Johncock as well as the radical turbine-powered Novis in and ' His most enduring legacy may have been demonstrating the viability of motorsports as a marketing vehicle through his long involvement as chairman and CEO of STP.

At one point he held 22 IMCA track records, including a lap of He was the Rookie of the Year at the Indianapolis , and the next year scored his only Indy Car win in a miler at Syracuse. Gurney was the first American since Jimmy Murphy in to win a Grand Prix race in an American car when he won the Belgian Grand Prix driving his own Eagle, which more than held its own against the cream of Europe.

He first raced at Indy in , finishing 7th in a Lotus-Ford that helped start the rear-engine trend. He was second there in and and third in , all in Eagles of his own design. Although a highly successful sports car racer, he is included among non-drivers because of his profound impact on the sport as a revolutionary designer and team manager. Raced for several years in Maseratis, including a season of Formula One in , then turned to building his Chaparral race cars.

He won eight races and the U. In , a Chaparral won the Nurburgring kilometers. His Chaparral 2A introduced the carbon fiber tub to racing, wings appeared on his Chaparral 2E and ground effects with the 2J, the famous "vacuum sweeper" sucker car. He retired and closed down his team in mid In his long career in Championship racing, he was never upside down and seldom even spun.

In an year career, he won three other Champcar races and the National Championship under the AAA sanction, and also has several Stock Car victories to his credit. A real pioneer of the sport in its earliest days, Harroun was semi-retired when the Indy mile race was inaugurated and lured him back into competition. He already had gained wide recognition for his victories and achievements, which included early competition at Indianapolis before the was born.

Harroun did, of course, win the inaugural in , thereby etching his name forever into the annals of auto racing greatness. His win was memorable in many ways. He chose to ride alone, sans the customary riding mechanic as part of his scheme to save weight, and in so doing came up with the first rear view mirror which is so common now on all cars. Harroun was also instrumental in the actual design of his winning Marmon Wasp. He died of natural causes, in his 80s. Ranks among the most consistent drivers of all time with a coveted National Championship also to his credit.

Beginning at Indy in , Hartz scored three second- and two fourth-place finishes in six appearances there as a driver. His career spanned from through and included a career total if 8, points plus eight Champ race victories.

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Among the all-time points leaders to the present day, Hartz enjoyed further success as a car owner, preparing Hartz-Miller cars for Billy Arnold and Fred Frame for their Indy wins of and The fine Wheeler-Schebler Trophy, awarded annually to the owner of the car leading Indy at miles, was presented to Hartz for keeps after he won it for the third time in He also served with great distinction as an Indy official and member of the tech committee until his death in September He also ran in seven free-for-all races at Indy prior to and won five of them.

Also won the miler at Cincinnati and placed second in the Grand Prize race that same year. Hearne also was successful on the board tracks until when he finally retired for good after placing seventh at Indy. He died of natural causes in the late s. Other major victories include the Targa Florio in a Porsche, his first major triumph , the Indianapolis in a Lola-Ford , and the 24 Hours of Le Mans in a Matra, his last major victory.

He was killed in in a crash of his own private plane just months after retiring as a driver and just starting to field his own Formula One team. The first American to win the coveted World Driving Championship in Driving for the Ferrari team that year, he won two of the eight grand prix races held the Belgian and Italian and also won the Italian GP. Was spectacular in the Mexican Road Race, making a shambles of his competition while driving a small-bore Ferrari through treacherous mountain roads before finally being overtaken by a much bigger Ferrari once the race reached the flat and level portions of the course.

He usually prepared his own cars and had an affinity for the outside groove. He qualified for three Indy s, with his best finish a ninth in Elected to Legends in Racing on his first ballot appearance. He also has one Trans-Am win to his credit, placed fourth in the Indianapolis , and shared victory at the 24 Hours of Le Mans in , and As a lifelong exponent of Porsche racing cars, Holbert was made the director of Porsche Motorsport North America, which allowed him to build his own versions of the hugely successful Porsche Turbo.

Ranks with Jimmy Murphy and Harry Hartz as the most consistent drivers of their times. But even there his record is tremendous, showing him finishing fourth or better in nine straight years beginning in He was second once and third four times. He also was the pole winner. At the time of his death in a racing accident at DuQuoin, Ill. Today, he still ranks high, 23rd with 8, points and five National Championship race wins. Away from the track, Horn did a great deal to promote and further the sport through public appearances and other PR tasks.

He was immensely popular with kids and his fellow drivers. His purchase of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in saved the historic plant from oblivion and definitely preserved racing in America after World War II. Elected to the Hall of Fame in his first time on the ballot. Hulme was the Formula One World Champion, winning the second straight title by the Brabham team, but his greatest victories came driving for his fellow New Zealander, Bruce McLaren.

Of his eight F1 victories, six were in McLarens. He was the series champion in and , and was the runner-up in , , and Although long retired from the world scene, he still enjoyed driving in saloon car races in New Zealand and Australia and died last year at the wheel of his BMW, of an apparent heart attack, during the Bathurst kilometer race. He became Grand National Champion in and , and scored a career 50 GN wins out of starts.

Among those 50 victories are the Dixie and the Southern Today Jarrett serves as a radio and television motorsports commentator. Not only were the speeds obtained awesome at the time, but also the length of time he spent behind the wheel in the endurance runs was remarkable, among then a hour record for a New York to San Francisco run in In he set a hour record at the Atlantic City Speedway, a board track, with an He lobbied the AAA to accept the Bonneville Salt Flats as a superior site for land speed record trials, marked out a circular mile track and ran an unsanctioned hour trial there in to prove his point, averaging In he raised the time to an AAA-sanctioned In the next two years he continued to bump the record up with the Pierce Arrow and later a Duesenberg.

Then, in , came the first of the Mormon Meteors and records of Mormon Meteor II raised it to Mormon Meteor III set additional records, many of which stood for years. As late as , he set a hour distance mark of 3, Although he has gained outstanding recognition as a contemporary crew chief and car owner, Robert "Junior" Johnson also enjoyed a great career as a driver.

His 50 career wins is seventh on the all-time list. Today, as a car owner, he has produced championship-winning cars for Cale Yarborough the only three-in-a-row champion and for the past two seasons for Darrell Waltrip. As a driver, Johnson has five superspeedway wins to his credit, placing him in a 14th place tie on the all-time list. Only Petty Enterprises has fielded more winners or brought in more money. Rufus Parnell Jones won at Indy in from the pole and was the first to crack the mph barrier officially when he also won the pole in In addition to his success as an Indy driver and in Sprints and Midgets, Jones has major victories to his credit in stock cars and sports cars and in more recent years has turned to off-road racing with victories in the Mint and Baja events.

The King of the Outlaws has earned that appellation by being the most dominant sprint car driver of the past two decades, and continues to add to his laurels. Kinser has raced with the World of Outlaws since and through had recorded career A-Main victories and 17 championships - numbers which do not reflect an estimated victories on other circuits. For many years he raced for his cousin, Karl Kinser, winning 14 of his championships. In his fame had grown to the point that he was invited to participate in the International Race of Champions, and stood that series on its ear winning the Talladega round.

That led to a brief, and underfunded, foray in Winston Cup, but he returned to WoO with his own team, winning his 15th championship in , his 16th in and his 17th last year. Kinser set a national short-track record in with 56 feature victories, including 46 of the 69 Pennzoil World of Outlaws Series main events, plus 10 more in non-WoO races. He finished 14th in the Indianapolis crashed while running ninth with 12 laps remaining. Built his first Indy car in and devoted much of his time to such projects after World War II, starting with the front-drive Novi and two other cars in Increasing his production each year for the next several years, he built as many as 14 new machines in and a total of between and For six straight years, beginning in , 22 or more cars built by Kurtis dominated the starting lineup at Indianapolis each year.

Six of them were winners, and his Kurtis Krafts grabbed the top 13 positions in the Indy Eight were pole winners. Kurtis also pioneered the famed roadster-type chassis that dominated the sport for 13 years. World Champion for Ferrari in , he made a miraculous and courageous comeback from his terrible fiery racing accident at the Nurburgring in after he already had won five grand prix races and was well on his way to repeating as the World Champion.

His courage in returning to the wheel was emphasized even more in when he won the German Grand Prix, at the same track where he met with his near-fatal crash, and went on to win the title again in He retired in after scoring 17 Formula One victories to stand fourth on the all-time list behind Stewart, Clark and Fangio.

Levassor won the event which launched auto racing as a competitive sport - the grueling mile Paris-Bordeaux-Paris contest of Prior automotive events were essentially reliability contests. Levassor, in a 2-cylinder, 4 hp Panhard et Levassor, drove the entire distance himself averaging a then-amazing 15 mph. He was denied the prize of 31, francs because his car had but two seats, but it is his statue that today overlooks the finish line at the Porte Maillot in Paris. Levassor, for several years in partnership with Rene Panhard, also is credited with inventing the "systeme Panhard" considered to have established the basic layout of most cars built for the next century - front engine, clutch between the engine and gearbox, and rear-wheel drive.

Lockhart was, and still is, regarded as one of the best racing engineers the sport has known. He was a Mark Donohue of his time, with equal ability as a driver. Lockhart combined two basic straight-eight engines to form a V in , and covered the measured mile at Daytona Beach at mph before losing his life when a tire failed on the return trip. Lockhart won Indianapolis in and recorded other major wins at Altoona, Charlotte, Fresno and Salem.

In addition to Daytona, he set world speed marks at Muroc and Atlantic City. Before then, he raced in USAC's stock car division, winning 12 races and the and championships. His victory list includes many of the series' most prestigious races: the Daytona , the World , , the Rebel , , the National , , and three straight Atlanta s He was the first to score the original "grand slam" of superspeedways with wins at Daytona, Charlotte, Atlanta and Darlington, and then when Rockingham came on line in he added that track to his list to make it a sweep of the then-existing Southern superspeedways.

He tried a comeback in , but went winless and retired for good in Only the second writer to be nominated, Marquette was a veteran sports writer with the Indianapolis Star which led to his involvement with racing. Extremely well-liked and -respected by the entire racing fraternity, he was dedicated to the sport in every way. In addition to his outstanding writing and race coverage, he served as the AARWBA president and was constantly in demand as a master of ceremonies for his quick wit and personality could charm the pants off anyone.

He wrote with the same personality. Elected in his first ballot appearance. Mays was one of the few drivers able to carry his career across the chasm of World War II. He raced on the AAA Championship Trail for 12 years from to , leaving out the four years of the war. He scored his first win in a miler at Goshen, N. He was the national champion in the last two years before the war, and , winning twice in each year although the crown jewel of the Indianapolis escaped him as he finished second in both years. After the war he returned to the cockpit to win all three of his starts in Drove his first race in a "strictly stock" event at Portland in More than 50 years later he was still one of the toughest stock car drivers on the West Coast.

He met Bill France there, who invited him to race in the first Southern at Darlington. During a four-year Grand National career he won four times. His first post-retirement win was at Riverside in ; when Riverside closed 20 years later, McGriff held the mark for the most victories there, He has won 36 Winston West races, but for all that his only championship came in Born Dec.

He also holds Winston West records for most wins in a season 12 and most consecutive wins five , both set in He retired again, for good this time he says, in at age One of several great drivers to come out of New Zealand, was a top driver and builder on the Formula 1 circuit. He won four grands prix in his career, including the first-ever United States GP at Sebring in , and the first for the cars bearing his name, the Belgian GP. Team McLaren won every Can-Am championship from to , during which it won 37 of 43 races, finishing 20 times.

Bruce left behind a great legacy in mechanical and engineering ability following his death in a testing accident in England. By his 39th birthday last December, Mears had rolled up 27 Indy Car wins, had won three championships and owned six victories in milers, including three at the Indianapolis This year he added his fourth Indy triumph, becoming only the third driver to do so.

He repeated the championships in and , won Indy again in and , and also won the Pocono in , and One of his most thrilling Indys was the one he lost, in , when he chased down Gordon Johncock and lost by a record. Through , Mears owned 34 poles fourth on the all-time list including five at Indy. Was the Indy co-Rookie of the Year in Started his career racing motorcycles, then dune buggies in the California desert, winning more than 60 trophies.

Could easily fit into the era since he was active and successful during those years, but probably belongs in the later years since he achieved his greatest honors then. Meyer won his very first race at Indy, the , after appearing briefly as a relief driver in In all, he drove in 12 Indy races, finishing second once and fourth twice. His achievements on other tracks included two straight mile victories on the boards of Altoona.

He retired after narrowly missing a fourth Indy win in and later, with Dale Drake, produced the Meyer Drake Offy racing engine that dominated the sport for so many years. Developed the famed Miller engine and later built complete Miller race cars which dominated the s and early s and out-performed the venerable Duesenbergs. Miller engines have won more events than any other American racing engine in U. He built front-drive and rear-drive cars with equal success and also designed a rear-engine four-wheel-drive race car in the late s.

Considered by many who saw him race and others who have researched his records as the greatest driver of his era and one of the best in history. He won the first of 23 Championship race victories in and concluded his career with an eighth place finish in the Indy race. His best year was when he captured four wins in 12 races, placed second five times and fifth once, failing to finish only twice. The fact that he was handicapped with one bad eye never daunted his career.

Milton later served as Chief Steward for the He died in the late s. Although noted for his achievements as a driver, Moore is now best remembered for producing winning race cars. His behind-the-wheel credentials include nine consecutive Indy s beginning in ; he was on the pole once and led the field on two occasions. He placed second as a rookie and later was third twice. He scored two career Champcar wins, both in , taking milers at Altoona and Syracuse.

He won again in with Holland and narrowly missed a third straight when the second car went out with a broken magneto strap eight laps from the end; his third Blue Crown entry placed third. He died of a heart attack in Probably one of the most popular European great drivers of all time, this native of Great Britain captured virtually every European GP race on the circuit during his day.

He barely missed winning the coveted World Championship on several occasions when he battled the great Fangio and later Mike Hawthorn and Jack Brabham until he was forced into early retirement from injuries suffered in a racing crash while at the peak of his career. He was runner-up for the championship in through , and placed third in points in through , coming closest in when despite four wins he finished one point behind Mike Hawthorn who won one race at a time when a grand prix win paid only 8 points.

GP at Riverside. One of the most respected and successful drivers of his era, Mulford was extremely great in long distance events such as the Elgin Cup races of , which he won handily against the best drivers of the day. Active from through , Mulford was deeply religious and refused to race on Sundays. Still, he compiled a record of 15 Championship race wins, a lifetime total of 8, points, and won the National Championship in and Many credit him with winning the first Indy , in , when he contended that a scoring mixup failed to credit him with a lap and he was awarded second place.

Although his career was relatively short, Jimmy Murphy established one of the most remarkable records for consistency in racing history. For the next five years, until his death in a racing accident at Syracuse, N. In the Championship race season he was 1st, 4th, 6th, 3rd and 4th. In , the year he won Indy, he was 2nd, 3rd, 2nd, 1st, 2nd, 2nd, 1st, 3rd, 1st, 1st, 1st, 1st, 3rd, DNF, 8th and 1st. In he was 1st, 1st, 3rd, DNF, 3rd, 3rd, 7th, 3rd, 1st, 1st, 1st. Overall he won 16 AAA Championship races against tremendous competition.

He was National Champion in and and also became the first American to win a European Grand Prix the French Grand Prix in a Duesenberg , an achievement that went unmatched until modern times. Murphy accounted for nearly 10, lifetime Championship points. An outstanding midget, sprint and Indy car racer whose career spanned nearly a quarter-century, Nalon enjoyed his greatest success on the eastern and midwestern Big Car Championship circuits before World War II, taking the eastern title in with seven wins also fifth in the midwest series , then taking the midwest title in with nine wins also sixth in the eastern series.

Won four features at the Langhorne mile oval in the famous "Poison Lil" championship car. Raced the Indy ten times, his best finish a third in aboard the brutish Novi after starting 11th with a new qualifying record of He broke that record the next year, taking pole at Returning two years later, he took pole again at Elected to the Hall of Fame in his first ballot appearance.

Nalon died in at the age of Elected from the Historic Era, non-driver category. Postwar, he helped raise Mercedes to prominence once again with a victory at Le Mans with Lang and Fritz Reiss, and was the overseer of Mercedes' return to Formula One which resulted in Juan Manuel Fangio's second and third world driving championships.

A great champion who overcame ill health as a boy and who survived numerous race injuries that caused doctors to shake their heads in disbelief and advise him to quit. Nuvolari was outstanding in his brief American appearances, winning the revived Vanderbilt Cup race at Roosevelt Raceway. He also drove successfully for the Mercedes and Auto Union teams that dominated European racing in the s. In the history of American auto racing, no other name has been so familiar or as long-lasting perhaps as that of Offenhauser. Fred later took over the business and the popular Offenhauser or Offy engine of which the Miller engine was a forebear went on to completely dominate Championship racing for nearly four decades.

Won election to the hall his first time on the ballot. Although he only won two National Championship races in his career, his name was synonymous with speed and daring. The following year he drove his big Benz to a record for the flying mile of Parks first was noted as a leader when he helped found the Southern California Timing Association, which conducted speed trials on the desert dry lakes in Parks organized the first NHRA Safety Safari which toured the country from to producing drag races at abandoned air strips, and conceived the first major drag racing event, the Nationals, at Great Bend, Kansas, in Today, NHRA sanctions more than 2, events annually, including a multi-million dollar season of Nationals.

Parks retired as NHRA president in but continued as chairman of the board through Parks remained Chairman of the board of the Museum that bears his name for the rest of his life. He passed away on September 28, at the age of One of the most popular and colorful drivers of the s, Parsons also was one of the youngest National Champions winning the title during his first full year on the Championship Trail. He won five Champcar races that year and was second at Indy as a rookie.

The next year he won at Indy. This offense is separate from the driving under the influence law related to motor vehicles. California does not provide any modifications to the requirement to come to a complete stop when directed to stop by traffic control devices and does not authorize bicyclists to disobey traffic lights that fail to detect bicyclists.

However, California does require that traffic actuated facilities must be installed and maintained so that they detect bicycle traffic. This requirement is currently scheduled to expire in California specifically provides that statewide laws do not prohibit local authorities, by ordinance, from regulating the registration of bicycles and the parking and operation of bicycles on pedestrian or bicycle facilities, provided that such regulation is not in conflict with the provisions of the California Vehicle Code. California requires that no person open the door of a vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless it is reasonably safe to do so and can be done without interfering with the movement of such traffic.

In addition, no person shall leave a door open upon the side of a vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers. In California bicycles are not vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles, but a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in Division 11 — Rules of the Road — and certain other enumerated Divisions of the California Vehicle Code, except those provisions which by their very nature can have no application.

Source: Cal. The laws regulating the operation of bicycles in the state of California are generally found in the California Vehicle Code Cal. Colorado has codified a three foot passing requirement in three rules to address the variety of circumstances in which a bicyclist may be overtaken by a motorist. These circumstances are:. In each case the motorist must maintain at least a three foot distance between the side of their vehicle facing the bicyclist, including all mirrors or other projections, and the bicyclist being overtaken. Colorado has no helmet law. Colorado, in conjunction with Bicycle Colorado, offers Share the Road license plates.

Colorado does not define who is a "vulnerable road user," but has several statutes aimed at protecting bicyclists specifically. These include:. Colorado currently has the following laws aimed at distracted driving, subject to limited exceptions:. Colorado has some of the most specific laws regarding where a bicyclist should ride, and just as importantly, where a bicyclist should not be obligated to ride in the nation.

The general rule is that:. If the right-hand lane then available for traffic is wide enough to be safely shared with overtaking vehicles, a bicyclist shall ride far enough to the right as judged safe by the bicyclist to facilitate the movement of such overtaking vehicles unless other conditions make it unsafe to do so. A bicyclist may use a lane other than the right-hand lane when:.

Colorado provides that no person shall drive any vehicle other than a bicycle, electric assisted bicycle, or any other human-powered vehicle upon a sidewalk or sidewalk area, except upon a permanent or duly authorized temporary driveway. In addition, when a person is riding a bicycle upon a sidewalk, pathway or crosswalk the bicyclist shall:.

Colorado does not require that bicyclists use any lane or path other than a normal vehicular traffic lane. In Colorado, bicycles are defined as vehicles. Colorado's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to all vehicles and therefore applies to bicyclists. Colorado does not provide any modifications to the requirement to come to a complete stop when directed to stop by traffic control devices and does not authorize bicyclists to disobey traffic lights that fail to detect bicyclists. Colorado provides that its traffic laws shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities, with respect to streets and highways under their jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of the police power, except those streets and highways that are parts of the state highway system, from regulating the operation of bicycles and requiring the registration and licensing of same, including the requirement of a registration fee, consistent with state traffic laws.

Colorado requires that no person open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic. Source: Colo. In Colorado bicycles are vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles and a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in Article The laws regulating the operation of bicycles in the state of Colorado are generally found in the Colorado Revised Statutes Colo.

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Connecticut provides that the driver of a vehicle overtaking another vehicle proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a safe distance and shall not again drive to the right side of the highway until safely clear of the overtaken vehicle. A "safe distance" means not less than three feet when the driver of a vehicle overtakes and passes a person riding a bicycle. Connecticut requires that any person fifteen years of age or under riding a bicycle, as an operator or passenger, must wear a protective bicycle helmet. However, failure to wear protective a protective bicycle helmet as required shall not be considered to be contributory negligence on the part of the parent or the child nor shall such failure be admissible in any civil action.

Connecticut has a law authorizing Share the Road license plates, but they are not currently available through Connecticut's Department of Motor Vehicles website. Money from such plates goes into a fund to enhance public awareness of the rights and responsibilities of bicyclists and motorists and to promote bicycle use and safety. Private donations to the fund may be made through the Commissioner of Transportation.

Connecticut also has several statutes aimed at protecting bicyclists specifically. Connecticut currently has the following laws aimed at distracted driving, subject to limited exceptions:. Connecticut requires that any person operating a bicycle upon a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic shall ride as close to the right side of the roadway as is safe, as judged by the bicyclist, except when:.

Connecticut generally does not require bicycles to use bicycle paths where they are provided. However, bicycles cannot use parkways and other limited access state highways except on paths specifically provided for bicycles. In Connecticut, bicycles fall within the definition of a motor vehicle. Connecticut's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to motor vehicles and therefore likely applies to bicyclists. Connecticut does not provide any modifications to the requirement to come to a complete stop when directed to stop by traffic control devices and does not authorize bicyclists to disobey traffic lights that fail to detect bicyclists.

Connecticut provides that each town, city and borough shall have authority to make any ordinance not inconsistent with state laws respecting governing and controlling the use of bicycles within such town, city or borough. This authority includes creating with appropriate penalties for violation of such ordinances, and may include requiring annual licensing of bicycles and providing for registration of any sale of, or change of ownership in, a bicycle.

No law was found in Connecticut that requires persons opening the door of a motor vehicle to do so in a reasonably safe manner that does not interfere with the movement of traffic. In Connecticut bicycles are vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles and a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in the statutes relating to motor vehicles, except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application and as otherwise provided in certain local ordinances.

Source: Conn.


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The laws regulating the operation of bicycles in the state of Connecticut are generally found in the Connecticut General Statutes Conn. Delaware provides that the driver of a motor vehicle, when approaching a bicyclist traveling in the same direction, shall ensure the safety and protection of the bicyclist by:. Delaware requires that any person under the age of 18 riding a bicycle, as an operator or passenger, must wear a protective bicycle helmet.

Failure to wear a bicycle helmet shall not be considered evidence of either comparative or contributory negligence in any civil suit arising out of any accident in which a person under 18 years of age is injured, nor shall failure to wear a bicycle helmet be admissible as evidence in the trial of any civil action. Delaware protects vulnerable road users by providing for specific additional penalties for any person found guilty of careless driving if that offense contributed to the serious physical injury of a vulnerable user lawfully in the public right-of-way.

Delaware currently has the following laws aimed at distracted driving, subject to limited exceptions:. Delaware requires that a bicyclist, traveling at a speed less than the speed of traffic, must ride as close as practicable to the right-hand edge of the roadway except under any of the following circumstances:. Delaware does not require that bicyclists use any lane or path other than a normal vehicular traffic lane. A person found guilty under this law shall be subject to the following punishments:.

Delaware does not provide any modifications to the requirement to come to a complete stop when directed to stop by traffic control devices and does not authorize bicyclists to disobey traffic lights that fail to detect bicyclists. Delaware does not specifically provide for local authorities to regulate the operation of bicycles or require registration of bicycles, although such authorities may regulate the operation of bicycles through the exercise of their other legal powers.

Delaware requires that no person open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic. Source: Del. In Delaware bicycles are not vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles, but a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in Title 21 of the Delaware Code, except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application.

The laws regulating the operation of bicycles in the state of Delaware are generally found in Title 21, Chapter 41 of the Delaware Code Del. The District of Columbia provides that a person driving a motor vehicle shall exercise due care by leaving a safe distance, but in no case less than 3 feet, when overtaking and passing a bicycle. The District of Columbia requires that any person under the age of 16 riding a bicycle, as an operator or passenger, must wear a protective bicycle helmet. Failure to wear a helmet shall not be considered as evidence of negligence per se, contributory negligence, or assumption of the risk in any civil suit arising out of any accident in which a person under 16 years of age is injured.

Failure to wear a helmet shall not be admissible as evidence in the trial of any civil action, nor in any way diminish or reduce the damages recoverable in such action. The District of Columbia does not have any vulnerable road user laws at this time. The District of Columbia currently has the following laws aimed at distracted driving, subject to limited exceptions:.

The District of Columbia does not require that a bicyclist ride as near to the right side of the road as practicable. However, the District of Columbia does require that a person shall operate a bicycle in a safe and non-hazardous manner so as not to endanger himself or herself or any other person.

Bicycles are also subject to the rights and duties applicable to vehicles and must therefore drive upon the right half of the roadway, except when overtaking and passing another vehicle proceeding in the same direction. The District of Columbia does not require that bicyclists use any lane or path other than a normal vehicular traffic lane.

In the Official Code of the District of Columbia, bicycles are defined as vehicles. The District of Columbia's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to all vehicles and therefore applies to bicyclists. The District of Columbia does not provide any modifications to the requirement to come to a complete stop when directed to stop by traffic control devices and does not authorize bicyclists to disobey traffic lights that fail to detect bicyclists.

The District of Columbia requires that no person shall open any door of a vehicle unless it is reasonably safe to do so and can be done without interfering with moving traffic or pedestrians and with safety to such person and passengers. In addition, no person shall leave a door open on a side of a vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to receive or discharge passengers. Source: D.

Code Mun. In the District of Columbia bicycles are vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles and a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in Title 18 of the DC Municipal Regulations, except for those duties imposed by Title 18 which, by their nature or wording, can have no reasonable application.

The laws regulating the operation of bicycles in the District of Columbia are generally found in the District of Columbia Municipal Code D. Florida requires the driver of a vehicle overtaking a bicycle or other non-motorized vehicle must pass the bicycle or other non-motorized vehicle at a safe distance of not less than 3 feet between the vehicle and the bicycle or other non-motorized vehicle. Florida requires that any person under the age of 16 riding a bicycle, as an operator or passenger, must wear a protective bicycle helmet. The failure of a person to wear a bicycle helmet or the failure of a parent or guardian to prevent a child from riding a bicycle without a bicycle helmet may not be considered evidence of negligence or contributory negligence.

Florida protects vulnerable road users by providing that a driver who is convicted of a hit and run:. Florida currently has the following laws aimed at distracted driving, subject to limited exceptions:. Florida requires that a bicyclist, traveling at a speed less than the speed of traffic, must ride as close as practicable to the right-hand edge of the roadway except under any of the following circumstances:. Florida requires that any person operating a bicycle upon a roadway at less than the normal speed of traffic at the time and place and under the conditions then existing shall ride in the lane marked for bicycle use if a lane is marked for bicycle use.

In Florida, bicycles are defined as vehicles. Florida's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to all vehicles and therefore applies to bicyclists. Florida does not provide any modifications to the requirement to come to a complete stop when directed to stop by traffic control devices and does not authorize bicyclists to disobey traffic lights that fail to detect bicyclists.

Florida provides that its state traffic laws shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities, with respect to streets and highways under their jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of the police power, from regulating the operation of bicycles. Florida requires that no person open any door on a motor vehicle unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic.

Source: Fla. In Florida bicycles are vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles and a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in Chapter of the Florida Statutes, except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application. Georgia requires that, when feasible, the operator of a motor vehicle, when overtaking and passing a bicycle that is proceeding in the same direction on the roadway, shall leave a safe distance of not less than three feet between such vehicle and the bicycle and shall maintain such clearance until safely past the overtaken bicycle.

Georgia requires that any person under the age of 16 riding a bicycle, as an operator or passenger, must wear a protective bicycle helmet. In addition no person shall transport a child under the age of one year as a passenger on a bicycle except on a bicycle trailer or in an infant sling and such child transported in a bicycle trailer or infant sling is wearing a bicycle helmet. The failure to wear a helmet as specified above shall not constitute negligence per se nor contributory negligence per se or be considered evidence of negligence or liability.

Georgia, in conjunction with Georgia Bikes! Georgia does not have any vulnerable road user laws at this time. Georgia currently has the following laws aimed at distracted driving, subject to limited exceptions:. Georgia requires that every person operating a bicycle upon a roadway shall ride as near to the right side of the roadway as practicable, except under any of the following circumstances:.

Every person operating a bicycle away from the right side of the roadway shall exercise reasonable care and shall give due consideration to the other applicable rules of the road. In Georgia, bicycles are defined as vehicles. Except as provided by resolution or ordinance of a local government for sidewalks within the jurisdiction of such local government authorizing the operation of bicycles on sidewalks by persons 12 years of age or younger, no person shall drive any vehicle upon a sidewalk or sidewalk area except upon a permanent or duly authorized driveway.

Georgia requires that whenever a usable path has been provided adjacent to a roadway and designated for the exclusive use of bicycle riders, then the appropriate governing authority may require that bicycle riders use such path and not use those sections of the roadway as specified by such local governing authority. The governing authority may be petitioned to remove restrictions upon demonstration that the path has become inadequate due to capacity, maintenance, or other causes.

Paths shall at a minimum be required to meet accepted guidelines, recommendations, and criteria with respect to planning, design, operation, and maintenance as set forth by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, and such paths shall provide accessibility to destinations equivalent to the use of the roadway. Georgia's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to all vehicles and therefore applies to bicyclists.

Georgia does not provide any modifications to the requirement to come to a complete stop when directed to stop by traffic control devices and does not authorize bicyclists to disobey traffic lights that fail to detect bicyclists. Georgia provides that its state traffic laws shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities with respect to streets and highways under their jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of the police power from requiring the registration and inspection of bicycles, including the requirement of a registration fee.

Georgia requires that no person open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic. Source: Ga. In Georgia bicycles are vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles and a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in Chapter of the Georgia Code with certain enumerated exceptions and except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application.

The laws regulating the operation of bicycles in the state of Georgia are generally found in the Georgia Code Ga. Hawaii requires that the driver of a vehicle passing or overtaking a bicyclists proceeding in the same direction shall allow at least three feet of separation between the right side of the driver's vehicle, including all mirrors or other protuberances, and the left side of the bicyclist, and shall not drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken bicycle. Hawaii requires that any person under the age of 16 who operates a bicycle must wear a protective bicycle helmet.

The helmet requirement also apply to any person who rides upon a bicycle while in a restraining seat that is attached to the bicycle or who rides in a trailer towed by the bicycle. Hawaii does not have a law prohibiting the failure to wear a helmet from being used against a bicyclist injured in a traffic accident. However, at least one court case has found the nonuse of a helmet not admissible.

Hawaii protects vulnerable users by providing a statutory basis for tougher prosecution when a vulnerable road user has been substantially injured or killed due to negligence. Hawaii requires that every bicyclist, traveling at a speed less than the speed of traffic, must ride as near to the right-hand curb, on the edge of the roadway, or on the shoulder off of the roadway as practicable, exercising due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction; except under any of the following situations:.

Hawaii provides that unless otherwise prohibited, a bicycle may be driven at a speed of ten miles per hour or less on a sidewalk or sidewalk area; provided that the driver of the bicycle shall yield the right-of-way to any pedestrian and that bicycle riding shall be prohibited on sidewalks in business districts. Hawaii requires that whenever a usable bicycle lane has been provided on a highway, any person operating a bicycle at a speed less than the normal speed of traffic moving in the same direction at such time shall ride within such bicycle lane, except that such person may move out of the lane under any of the following situations:.

In Hawaii, bicycles are defined as vehicles. Hawaii's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to all vehicles and therefore applies to bicyclists. Hawaii does not provide any modifications to the requirement to come to a complete stop when directed to stop by traffic control devices and does not authorize bicyclists to disobey traffic lights that fail to detect bicyclists.

Hawaii provides that its state traffic laws shall not be deemed to prevent counties with respect to streets and highways under their jurisdiction from regulating the operation and equipment of and requiring the registration and inspection of bicycles, including the requirement of a registration fee. Source: Haw. Hawaii requires that no person open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, and can be done without interfering with, or causing immediate hazard to the movement of other traffic.

In Hawaii bicycles are vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles and a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in Chapter C of the Hawaii Revised Statutes, except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application. The laws regulating the operation of bicycles in the state of Hawaii are generally found in the Hawaii Revised Statutes Haw. Idaho does not have a law that sets a specific distance for a motor vehicle overtaking a bicycle.

Idaho has no helmet law. Idaho does not define who is a "vulnerable road user," but requires that every driver of a vehicle exercise due care to avoid colliding with any pedestrian or any person propelling a human-powered vehicle and give an audible signal when necessary. In addition, every driver must exercise proper precaution upon observing any child or any obviously confused, incapacitated or intoxicated person. Idaho currently prohibits texting while driving a moving motor vehicle, unless accomplished voice or a hands free device.

Idaho requires that a bicyclist, traveling at a speed less than the speed of traffic, must ride as close as practicable to the right-hand edge of the roadway except under any of the following circumstances:. Idaho does not require that bicyclists use any lane or path other than a normal vehicular traffic lane.

In Idaho, bicycles are defined as vehicles. Idaho's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to motor vehicles. However, motor vehicles and vehicles are defined to be the same under Idaho law and therefore Idaho's DUI law applies to bicycles.

Idaho has modified its laws to accommodate bicyclists approaching stop signs and red lights as follows:. Idaho does not specifically provide for local authorities to regulate the operation of bicycles or require registration of bicycles, although such authorities may regulate the operation of bicycles through the exercise of their other legal powers. Idaho requires that no person open the door of a motor vehicle on a side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic.

In addition, no person shall leave a door open on a side of a vehicle available to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers. Source: Idaho Code Ann. In Idaho bicycles are vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles and a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in Chapters and of the Idaho Statutes, except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application.

Illinois requires that the operator of a motor vehicle overtaking a bicycle proceeding in the same direction on a highway shall leave a safe distance, but not less than 3 feet, when passing the bicycle and shall maintain that distance until safely past the overtaken bicycle. Illinois has no helmet law. Illinois, in conjunction with the League of Illinois Bicyclists, offers Share the Road license plates.

Illinois does not define who is a "vulnerable road user," but protects bicyclists by providing that:. Illinois currently has the following laws aimed at distracted driving, subject to limited exceptions:. Source: Ill. Illinois requires that a bicyclist, traveling at a speed less than the speed of traffic, must ride as close as practicable to the right-hand edge of the roadway except under any of the following circumstances:.

Illinois does not require that bicyclists use any lane or path other than a normal vehicular traffic lane. In Illinois, bicycles are not defined as vehicles. Illinois's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to vehicles and therefore does not directly apply to bicyclists. Nevertheless bicycles should not be operated while intoxicated and a bicyclist may potentially be charged with a DUI because bicyclists are subject to the duties applicable to vehicles.

Generally, Illinois does not provide any modifications to the requirement to come to a complete stop when directed to stop by traffic control devices and does not authorize bicyclists to disobey traffic lights that fail to detect bicyclists. However, in municipalities with less than 2,, inhabitants, after stopping as required, a bicyclist facing a steady red signal which fails to change to a green signal within a reasonable period of time not less than seconds because of a signal malfunction or because the signal has failed to detect the arrival of the motorcycle or bicycle due to the vehicle's size or weight, shall have the right to proceed, after yielding the right of way to oncoming traffic facing a green signal, subject to the rules applicable after making a stop at a stop sign.

Illinois provides that its state traffic laws shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities with respect to streets and highways under their jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of the police power from regulating the operation of bicycles and requiring the registration and licensing of same, including the requirement of a registration fee. Illinois requires that no person open the door of a vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic.

In Illinois bicycles are not vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles, but a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in the Illinois Vehicle Code, except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application. The laws regulating the operation of bicycles in the state of Illinois are generally found in the Illinois Vehicle Code which is found in Chapter Section 5 of the Illinois Compiled Statutes Ill.

Indiana does not have a law that sets a specific distance for a motor vehicle overtaking a bicycle. Indiana has no helmet law. Indiana, in conjunction with Bicycle Indiana, offers Share the Road license plates. Indiana does not have any vulnerable road user laws at this time. Indiana requires that a bicyclist, traveling at a speed less than the speed of traffic, must ride as close as practicable to the right-hand edge of the roadway except under any of the following circumstances:. Indiana does not have a statute that specifically authorizes or prohibits the operation of a bicycle upon a sidewalk.

Indiana does not require that bicyclists use any lane or path other than a normal vehicular traffic lane. Indiana's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to vehicles and bicycles are defined as vehicles for the purpose of that law.

Indiana allows a bicyclist that approaches a steady red traffic signal to proceed through the intersection controlled by that signal if the bicyclist comes to a complete stop at the intersection for at least one hundred twenty seconds; and exercises due caution as provided by law, otherwise treats the traffic control signal as a stop sign, and determines that it is safe to proceed. Source: Ind. Indiana specifically authorizes that a local authority, with respect to private roads and highways under the authority's jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of the police power, may regulate the operation of bicycles and require the registration and licensing of bicycles, including the requirement of a registration fee.

No law was found in Indiana that requires persons opening the door of a motor vehicle to do so in a reasonably safe manner that does not interfere with the movement of traffic. In Indiana bicycles are not vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles, but a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in Article of the Indiana Code, except for special regulations for bicycles in Article and those provisions which by their nature can have no application.

The laws regulating the operation of bicycles in the state of Indiana are generally found in Title 9, Article 21 of the Indiana Code Ind. Iowa does not have a law that sets a specific distance for a motor vehicle overtaking a bicycle. Iowa has no helmet law.

US Highway Systems

Iowa requires that a bicyclist, traveling at a speed less than the speed of traffic, must ride as close as practicable to the right-hand edge of the roadway except under any of the following circumstances:. Iowa does not have a statute that specifically authorizes or prohibits the operation of a bicycle upon a sidewalk. Iowa does not require that bicyclists use any lane or path other than a normal vehicular traffic lane. In Iowa, bicycles are not defined as vehicles. Iowa's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to motor vehicles and therefore does not directly apply to bicyclists.

ROADTRIP-'62 - US Highway Systems: Present, Past, and Present

Nevertheless bicycles should not be operated while intoxicated. Iowa does not provide any modifications to the requirement to come to a complete stop when directed to stop by traffic control devices and does not authorize bicyclists to disobey traffic lights that fail to detect bicyclists. Iowa provides that its state traffic laws shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities, with respect to streets and highways under their jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of the police power, from regulating the operation of bicycles and requiring the registration and licensing of the same, including the requirement of a registration fee.

No law was found in Iowa that requires persons opening the door of a motor vehicle to do so in a reasonably safe manner that does not interfere with the movement of traffic. In Iowa bicycles are not vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles, but a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in Chapter of the Iowa Code, except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application.

Kansas requires that the driver of a vehicle overtaking a bicycle proceeding in the same direction shall pass to the left thereof at a distance of not less than three feet and shall not again drive to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the overtaken bicycle. In addition, the driver of a vehicle may pass a bicycle proceeding in the same direction in a no-passing zone with the duty to execute the pass only when it is safe to do so.

Kansas has no helmet law. Kansas does not have any vulnerable road user laws at this time. Kansas currently has the following laws aimed at distracted driving, subject to limited exceptions:. Kansas requires that a bicyclist, traveling at a speed less than the speed of traffic, must ride as close as practicable to the right-hand edge of the roadway except under any of the following circumstances:.

Kansas does not have a statute that specifically authorizes or prohibits the operation of a bicycle upon a sidewalk. Kansas requires that wherever a usable path for bicycles has been provided adjacent to a roadway, bicycle riders shall use such path and shall not use the roadway. In Kansas, bicycles are not defined as vehicles. Kansas's law prohibiting driving while under the influence of alcohol or other controlled substances is written so that it applies to vehicles and therefore does not directly apply to bicyclists. In Kansas, a bicyclist facing any steady red signal, which fails to change to a green light within a reasonable period of time because of a signal malfunction or because the signal has failed to detect the arrival of the bicycle because of its size or weight, shall have the right to proceed in the following manner:.

Kansas provides that its state traffic laws shall not be deemed to prevent local authorities with respect to streets and highways under their jurisdiction and within the reasonable exercise of the police power from regulating the operation of bicycles and requiring the registration and inspection of same, including the requirement of a registration fee. Kansas requires that no person open the door of a motor vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic.

Source: Kan. In Kansas bicycles are not vehicles according to the statute that defines vehicles, but a person riding a bicycle has all of the rights and duties of the driver of a vehicle as provided in Chapter 8 of the Kansas Statutes, except as to those provisions which by their nature can have no application. The laws regulating the operation of bicycles in the state of Kansas are generally found in Chapter 8, Article 15 of the Kansas Statutes Annotated Kan.

Kentucky does not have a law that sets a specific distance for a motor vehicle overtaking a bicycle.